Prof. Dr. med. vet. Stefan Schwarz works in the Institute of Farm Animal Genetics of the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (= Federal Research Institute for Animal Health) in Neustadt-Mariensee, Germany. His research group ‘Molecular Microbiology and Antimicrobial Resistance’ is involved in both surveillance of antimicrobial resistance and analysis of the molecular genetics of antimicrobial resistance. He also teaches various academic courses at the University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover. Prof. Schwarz is a specialist veterinarian in (a) microbiology, (b) epidemiology, and (c) molecular genetics and gene technology. He has published >300 papers and acts as editor / editorial board member of six international journals.